La tradizione filosofica dall’antico al moderno
History of Philosophy from the Ancient to the Modern Age
Autore / Author: Carlo Borghero
Affiliazione / Author affiliation: “Sapienza” Università di Roma – Accademia delle scienze di Torino
Titolo / Title: Descartes, Spinoza e Leibniz nel Giornale critico della filosofia italiana (1920-1979)
Abstract: The attention paid in the Giornale critico della filosofia italiana to the major exponents of seventeenth-century philosophical rationalism, from its foundation by Giovanni Gentile in 1920 until 1979, reveals important changes that provide us with interesting information on Italian Neo-idealism. The small number of articles on Descartes can be interpreted as the result of an overall approach – sanctioned by Gentile – different from that of Hegel, who considered Descartes as the founder of modern philosophy. For Gentile, Descartes represents a stage in the history of philosophy spanning from Humanism to Spinoza, and, in a more particular Italian perspective, from Campanella to Vico. This interpretative scheme persisted also under the direction of Ugo Spirito, when Cartesianism continued to receive little theoretical and historical attention, with the exception of Eugenio Garin’s contributions. In the years from 1945 to 1979, the Giornale critico emphasized instead the interest for Spinoza, a very important author for Gentile, up to the double monographic issue published on the occasion of the third centenary of Spinoza’s death (1977). In turn, the lack of interest for Leibniz was constant and evident from the small number of articles published from 1920 to 1979, which were furthermore not particularly connected with the international, coeval Leibniz scholarship.
Keywords: Descartes; Spinoza; Leibniz; Italian Neo-idealism; Giovanni Gentile; Giornale critico della filosofia italiana.
English title: Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz in the Giornale critico della filosofia italiana (1920–1979)
Anno / Volume: X
Fascicolo / Issue: 2-3
Pagine / Pages: 271-337
Pubblicazione / Publication date: 15/04/2023
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